SOURCES

BIG TOBACCO USES FLAVORS AND ADVERTISING THAT APPEALS TO KIDS...

U. S. Department of Health and Human Services. Preventing tobacco use among youth and young adults: a report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health;2012.

 

Kreslake JM, Wayne GF, Connolly GN. The menthol smoker: tobacco industry research on consumer sensory perception of menthol cigarettes and its role in smoking behavior. Nicotine Tob Res. Apr 2008;10:705-715.

 

Cruz TB, Wright LT, Crawford G. The menthol marketing mix: Targeted promotions for focus communities in the United States. Nicotine Tob Res. 2010;12(SUPPL. 2).

 

Anderson SJ. Marketing of menthol cigarettes and consumer perceptions: a review of tobacco industry documents. Tob Control. 2011;20 Suppl 2:ii20-28.

 

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Tobacco Use Among U.S. Racial/Ethnic Minority Groups- African Americans, American Indians and Alaska Natives, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders and Hispanics: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 1998.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services;1998.

BIG TOBACCO ADVERTISES NEAR SCHOOLS & MORE OFTEN IN LOW INCOME NEIGHBORHOODS...

New York Public Interest Research Group, “Overexposed: Big Tobacco’s Advertising Saturation Around New York City Schools,” 2013, http://www.nypirg.org/health/overexposed/overexposed.pdf. Schleicher, N, et al, “Tobacco Marketing in California’s Retail Environment (2008-2011), Final report for the California Tobacco Advertising Survey,” Stanford, CA: Stanford Prevention Center; July 2013. Henriksen, L, et al., “Reaching youth at the point of sale: Cigarette marketing is more prevalent in stores where adolescents shop frequently,” Tobacco Control 13: 315-318, 2004.

Lee, JGL, et al., “A systematic review of neighborhood disparities in point-of-sale tobacco marketing, American Journal of Public Health, 105(9): e8-e18, 2015.

Henriksen L, Feighery EC, Schleicher NC, Haladjian HH, Fortmann SP. (2004). Reaching Youth at the Point of Sale: Cigarette Marketing is More Prevalent at Stores Where Adolescents Shop Frequently. Tob. Control, 13(3):315-318.

BIG TOBACCO ADVERTISES 10X AS MUCH IN BLACK NEIGHBORHOODS IN A NUMBER OF CITIES...

American Journal of Public Health : Peer Reviewed. “Marketing Little Cigars and Cigarillos: Advertising, Price, and Associations With Neighborhood Demographics” ; Jennifer Cantrell, DrPH, MPA, Jennifer M. Kreslake, MPH, Ollie Ganz, MSPH, Jennifer L. Pearson, PhD, MPH, Donna Vallone, PhD, MPH, Andrew Anesetti-Rothermel, MPH, Haijun Xiao, MS, and Thomas R. Kirchner, PhD ; October 2013, Vol 103, No. 10

Feighery EC, Schleicher NC, Boley Cruz T, Unger JB. (2008). An examination of trends in amount and type of cigarette advertising and sales promotions in California stores, 2002-2005. Tob. Control, 17(2): 93-98.

YOUNG MENTHOL SMOKERS ARE OVERWHELMINGLY BLACK, ASIAN, LGBT, AND/OR POOR.

Rath, JM, Villanti, A.C., Williams, V.F, Richardson, A, Pearson, JL, Vallone, DM (2016) . Research paper.  Correlates of current menthol cigarette and flavored other tobacco product use among U.S. young adults. Addictive Behaviors.  Vol 62, 35-41. (Link)

See also:

New Research Sheds Light on Who Smokes Menthol Cigarettes

FLAVORS (INCLUDING MENTHOL) MAKE TOBACCO MORE APPEALING AND EASIER FOR KIDS TO GET HOOKED.

Tobacco Products Scientific Advisory Committee. Menthol Cigarettes and Public Health: Review of the Scientific Evidence and Recommendations. Rockville, MD: Center for Tobacco Products, Food and Drug Administration;2011.

 

Klausner K. Menthol cigarettes and smoking initiation: a tobacco industry perspective. Tob Control. May 2011;20 Suppl 2:ii12-19.

 

U. S. Department of Health and Human Services. Preventing tobacco use among youth and young adults: a report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health;2012.

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IMPACT OF MENTHOL CIGARETTES ON YOUTH SMOKING INITIATION AND HEALTH DISPARITIES
(Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids)

 

The Truth About Menthol
(truth Initiative)

 

Tobacco Company Marketing to African Americans
(Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids)

 

Tobacco Marketing to Kids
(Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids)

 

Toll of Tobacco on African Americans
(Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids)

 

The Flavor Trap
(Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids)